Georgia (in Georgian, საქართველო, transliterated: Sakartvelo) is a sovereign country located on the Black Sea coast, on the border between Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Geographically its territory has been classified as Eurasian or as bicontinental according to the corresponding convention, although culturally, historically and politically, Georgia is considered as part of Europe. Until 1991, it was part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It shares borders with Russia to the north and northeast, with Turkey and Armenia to the south, and with Azerbaijan to the southeast. The capital is Tbilisi (Georgian: თბილისი, Tbilisi), although since 2012 the Parliament has its seat in the city of Kutaisi.
The Constitution of Georgia is that of a representative democracy, organized as a unitary state, semi-presidential republic. Georgia is currently a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol), the World Trade Organization, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Community of Democratic Option, and GUAM. The country aspires to join the European Union and NATO; In July 2016, the European Union incorporated Georgia as an associated state.
The history of Georgia dates back to the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia. Georgia reached the peak of its political and economic strength during the reign of David IV and Queen Tamar in the 11th and 12th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire. After a brief period of independence after the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia was annexed by Soviet Russia in 1921. From 1922 to 1991 the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic was one of the fifteen federal republics of the Soviet Union. On April 9, 1991, shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Georgia declared its independence. Like many post-communist countries, Georgia suffered from the civil unrest and economic crisis of most of the 1990s, but through the Rose Revolution of 2003 the new government introduced democratic and economic reforms.
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The Origin of our Drinks
Georgia is generally considered the ‘cradle of wine’, as archaeologists have traced the world’s first known wine creation back to the people of the South Caucasus in 6,000BC. These early Georgians discovered grape juice could be turned into wine by burying it underground for the winter.
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Some archaeologists claim that Georgia is the birthplace of wine. It is true because winemaking there dates back to 5,000 years ago. So wine is one of the most popular drinks in Georgia. Of course, there is Chacha (a kind of brandy) which you can find almost everywhere, but it is not all the story, and there are other kinds of alcoholic drinks too.
Wine Quality Prediction
All wines exported from Georgia have passed several strict tests for quality and authenticity. They must pass an official tasting panel, which assesses the wines for quality and typicity. Many iterations of these panel tastings are held in the National Wine Agency tasting laboratory through the year.
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In fact, one could say that Georgia is suffering from a serious case of “wine fever”—seemingly everyone wants in on the game. In 2006 there were roughly 80 registered wineries, but by 2018, the number had ballooned to 961—and more are popping up. As wineries proliferate, the trade is growing along with them.